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Obesity and Infertility
By Themedica on January 14, 2008 10:28 AM |
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Latest studies suggest obese women having a body mass index of more than 35 should not be given fertility treatment until they lose required weight. The higher the body mass index (BMI), the lesser is the chances of women to get fertility treatment. If a woman is under 37 years of age then it would not be ideal to give her fertility treatment until her BMI is less than 30, says British Fertility Society.

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It is a known fact that obesity reduces the chances of a woman in conceiving naturally, as well as having possible serious consequences on the health of both mother and baby. Around 14 percent of couples in industrialized nations at present are suffering from infertility related disorders. It has been found that smoking, drinking alcohol or coffee, obesity, sexual practices decrease the chances of infertility.

Obesity


Obesity not only affect the chances of successfully conceiving but may also lead to hypertension, depression, pulmonary problems, coronary artery disease, skin maladies, diabetes, cardiovascular ailments, arthritis and so on. Obesity has closer association with infertility, menstrual and reproductive abnormalities. Obese women are more susceptible to have complication in their pregnancies and are also less prone to have live born baby because of higher risks of still birth, ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage. Even men who are overweight can have lower sperm counts that decrease the chances of women in successfully conceiving a child. For both the partners who are trying to conceive naturally, being overweight can be a major hurdle that greatly affects their chances of conceiving successfully.

The excess weight in women may affect their process of ovulation. It can disturb a woman’s menstrual cycle making it hard for her to ovulate. The extra fat tissue in the woman’s body may result in over production of estrogen and can also lead to hormonal imbalance, which affects cycle of ovulation. It also advances the risk of deformities in the baby such as heart defects, as well as increasing the chances of stillbirth.

The dangers of obesity can be avoided by following some preventive steps. Dieting and strict regime of exercises can be followed to reduce weight. A formal weight loss program can also be joined because a loss of even 5 percent to 10 percent can lead to fast ovulation in 60 percent of the patients. Bariatric surgery and weight loss supplements can also be taken to lessen the weight only on the recommendation of recognized practitioner.

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For dealing with the problems of infertility, treatment of anovulation can be done that comprises of ovulation induction with oral medications like clomiphene citrate. In case, if this treatment fails then the women can be treated with injectable ovulation induction agents namely recombinant or urinary gonadotropins. In vitro fertilization is another form of treatment that one can also follow.

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Proper nutritious diet should also be taken. By cutting down intake of alcohol, caffeine and quitting smoking can reduce the serious dangers of obesity and infertility. In case of any major complications, then a qualified and known practitioner should be consulted.

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