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Laboratory Chemicals & Gases - An Overview ...
Laboratory chemicals and gasses are pure substances (solid, liquid, or gasses) with a definite chemical composition used to conduct scientific research, experiments and to perform scientific measurements.





Themedica » Laboratory Chemical & Gases

  Laboratory Chemical & Gases
Laboratory chemicals and gases consist of fluids and gases having distinct molecular composition and are used in clinical and research laboratories. While existing as a solid, liquid, or gas, they may change between these phases of matter with changes in temperature or pressure. Laboratory chemicals have a number of uses. For instance, in chromatography, electrophoresis or life sciences research as bio reagents, biological buffers, inhibitors, stains and tracking dyes. Further, chemical solutions may be used as indicators, reagents for testing and analysis or for preparation of USP volumetric solutions. Similarly, amino acids and derivatives, inorganic compounds, solvents, USP/NF and biopharmaceutical agents have innumerable applications in laboratories.
  Anesthesia Gas  Chemical Indicators  Chemical Solution
  Dry Chemical  Dye  Hplc Solvents
  Laboratory Gas  Reagent  Respiratory Gas
  Solvent  



Anesthesia Gas
Consists of different types of gases which are inhaled into the lungs and passes on to the central nervous system through the blood. The main functions of these gases are to eliminate pain and reduce anxiety. The commonly used inhaled anesthetics are nitrous oxide, sevoflurane, desflurane, isoflurane and halothane.

Anesthesia Gas
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Nitrous oxide Gas


Chemical Indicators
Chemical indicators are the substances that emit a clear sign of the existence or non-existence of particular concentration of chemicals like acid or alkali present in a solution. Typically, chemical indicator comprises of a chemical or dye, the affectability of which may differ form product to product. Chemical indicators have the ability to change its color within hours to days of exposures to liquids like strong oxidants, epoxides and aldehydes. The primary job of these indicators is to sterilize medical products and personnel working with these chemicals and other sterilization devices.

Chemical Indicators
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FluoresceinLaboratory IndicatorPonceau
Rhodamine  


Chemical Solution
Is a homogeneous mixture consisting of two or more substances, which when added into any liquid, it gets dissolved very quickly. Different types of chemical solutions used in the chemical processes are acetic acid, ammonium hydroxide, calcium chloride, potassium permanganate, silver nitrate, sodium hydroxide, sodium thiosulphate, sulphuric acid, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, ammonium thiocyanate, potassium dichromate etc. United States is the dominant producer of chemical solution in the world, accounting for US $450 billion. Other principal chemical solution producing countries are Japan, Korea and South Africa.

Chemical Solution
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Acetic AcidAmmonium HydroxideAmmonium Thiocyanate
Calcium ChlorideFerrous Ammonium SulphateHydrochloric Acid
Nitric AcidPotassium DichromatePotassium Hydroxide
Potassium IodatePotassium Iodate-IodidePotassium Permanganate
Silver NitrateSodium HydroxideSodium Thiosulphate
Dry Chemical
Refers to chemical salts comprising of very small particles of chemicals such as acetate salts, sodium salts, acid salts, ammonium salts, calcium salts, sulphate salt etc. These specially treated chemicals exclude moisture, reduce friction, binding and wear.

Dry Chemical
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Acetate SaltsAcid SaltsAmmonium Salts
Anhydrous SaltBarium SaltsCalcium Salts
Carbonate SaltChloride SaltsNitrate Salt
Oxide SaltsSodium SaltsSulphate Salt


Dye
Refers to additives or chemical coloring agent exclusively used for giving color and differentiating the appearance of drug. Dyes can be classified on the basis of process and chemicals used. Dyes by nature include leveling agents, dispersing agents, tannic acid, defoaming agent etc while dyes by properties constitute acid dye, basic dye, vat dye, azo dye, reactive dye, mordant dye etc. Globally, the market share for dye industry tantamount to approximately US $ 10 billion.

Dye
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Dye By ChemicalDye By Process


Hplc Solvents
HPCL stands for high performance liquid chromatography solvents that are used in multiple application areas including process control, forensic analysis, environmental monitoring, clinical testing and quality control. These solvents are mainly used for separating, identifying and measuring components presented in a mixture of chemical substances. The widely used HPLC solvents are formic acid, pyridine, trifluroacetic acid, acetonitrile, dimethylsulfoxide, heptafluorobutyric acid and dimethylformamide.

Hplc Solvents
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Acetic AcidAcetoneAcetonitrile
ChloroformCyclohexaneDichloromethane
Ethyl AcetateHeptaneHexane
MethanolPentanePyridine
TetrahydrofuranToluene 
Laboratory Gas
Comprises of wide variety of gases or mixture of gases, stored in containers, and then are used in various chemical processes. Laboratory gases are of many types such as acetylene, argon, carbon dioxide, helium, hydrogen, methane, nitrogen, oxygen, propane and pure gas.

Laboratory Gas
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Acetylene GasArgon GasCarbon dioxide Gas
Helium GasHydrogen GasMethane Gas
Nitrogen GasOxygen GasPropane Gas
Pure Gas  


Reagent
Are the substances, indicators or titrants used for detecting, analyzing and identifying biological, chemical or pathologic processes. Basic types of reagents used in chemical reaction are acetal, acetyl, benzyl, methyl agents, methyl esters etc. More precisely, these are the chemicals that are added in order to bring about the chemical change. The reagents industry is worth US$382 million, which has the enormous potential to reach US $ 400 million by the end of 2011.

Under the laboratory chemicals and gases section, we have enlisted the details of global manufacturers, suppliers and traders of reagents, dye, chemical solution, dry chemical, laboratory gas, respiratory gas, solvents, chemical indicators etc.

Reagent
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AcetalAcetylBenzyl
Ethyl AgentsMethyl AgentsMethyl esters


Respiratory Gas
Constitutes different type of gases such as oxygen, heliox, nitrox etc, which helps in the respiration process. These gases are generally colorless, odorless and tasteless in nature. The total size of global respiratory and anesthesia gas market is worth US $ 34 billion.

Respiratory  Gas
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Diagnostic GasHelium-Oxygen GasOxygen Gas
Solvent
Solvent is a clear and colorless liquid that has a distinguishing odor. Basically, solvents are of two types namely: organic and inorganic solvents. Generally, solvents have low boiling point and they evaporate quickly leaving the soluble matters behind. Solvents are used in array of applications like dry cleaning, nail polish removers, glue solvents, spot removers, paint thinners, perfumes, detergents, chemical synthesis, and research chemistry. Solvents require careful handling as they pose serious dangers to human lives. These chemicals should be stored in tightly closed containers in a well-ventilated area. They should never be flushed down the drain and used near the open flames.

Solvent
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Inorganic SolventOrganic Solvent


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