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Medical Instruments Industry Overview ...
The history of precision medical instruments can be traced back to the seventeenth century when they were used for the first time. Medical instruments are ...





Themedica » Medical Instrument

  Medical Instrument
Medical instruments are specially designed medical tools or devices used in the practice of medicine. Medical instruments, medical tools and surgical tools aid in performing numerous activities needed for Investigation, diagnosis, prevention, monitoring, treatment, replacement or modification of the anatomy, or alleviation of disease, injury or handicap.

Surgical instruments or surgical tools for example are specialty medical tools for performing specific actions of carrying out desired effects during a surgery or operation, like modifying biological tissue, or to provide access for viewing it, viz scalpel, hemostat, and other surgical tools etc. Similarly, a very large number of other medical instruments and devices have been classified based on the their function and use including anaesthesia instrument, arthroscopy instrument, cardiovascular instrument, cast instruments, dental instrument, dermal instrument, ear instrument, laparoscopy equipment, nasal instrument, etc. Commonly used surgical instruments include spinal retractors, root elevators, rake retractors, dressing forceps, cast knives, capsulotomy scissors, towel clamps, etc. A number of medical device companies and medical device manufacturers are engaged in making and trading of healthcare tools.

The production, classification and sale of medical instruments by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers is regulated differently in different countries. For instance, in the USA, the Food and Drug Administration has recognized three classes of a medical devices based on the level of control necessary to assure the safety and effectiveness of the device. However, in Canada the Medical Devices Bureau of Health Canada, medical devices are recognized under four classes of based on the level of control necessary to assure the safety and effectiveness of the device and instruments.
  Anaesthesia Instrument  Arthroscopy Instrument  Cardiovascular Instrument
  Cast Instruments  Curette  Dental Instrument
  Dermal Instrument  Ear Instrument  Forceps
  Knives  Laparoscopy Equipment  Laryngoscope
  Nail Instrument  Nasal Instrument  Neurosurgery Instrument
  Ophthalmic Instrument  Oral Instrument  Orthopedic Instrument
  Physiotherapy Equipments  Rectal Instrument  Scalpels
  Scissors  Surgical Instrument  Urological Instrument



Anaesthesia Instrument
Anaesthesia is usually given to the patients for making them unconscious or numbing a part of their body before performing a surgery or an operation. A variety of drugs and anaesthesia medical instruments such as breathing tubes, laryngoscopes, connectors, oxygen regulators, valves, artificial resuscitators, rebreathing bags, face masks, vaporizers, harness belts and endotracheal tubes are produced by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers. Anesthesia instruments are aided by several medical supplies viz. anaesthesia machine, oxygen monitors, respiration monitors, etc. in delivering effective anesthesia.
Anaesthesia Instrument



Arthroscopy Instrument
Arthroscopy instruments and arthroscopy surgical tools consist of those precision medical tools and devices that are needed for performing orthopedic surgeries. Common medical instruments used in this type of surgery are graspers, scissors, probes, punches, suture passers and knives. With the help of an arthroscope, an orthopedic surgeon can easily identify, diagnose and treat problems relating to joints. The medical instruments used in performing arthroscopic surgery are very small in size i.e. around 3 or 4 mm in diameter. A range of these tools are produced by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers.
Arthroscopy Instrument
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Arthroscope



Cardiovascular Instrument
Cardiovascular instruments comprise a large array of medical tools, surgical tools and devices that are meant for performing all types of cardiovascular and peripheral vascular surgeries. Clamps, forceps, spatula, micro scissors, needle holders, vascular dilators, pediatric rib retractors, sternum retractors, tissue forceps, or rib spreaders are some general types of medical instruments used by cardiovascular or heart surgeons. High-grade stainless steel and titanium are the two most common materials used by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers for making cardiovascular instruments.
Cardiovascular Instrument
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Artery Forceps
Cast Instruments
Cast instruments include a whole line of precision medical tools and surgical tools such as cast shears, cast saws, cast spreaders, cast breakers, or cast knives that carry out different functions like cutting, dissecting, stapling, grasping, holding stitching and retracting different parts of the body. Medical device companies and medical device manufacturers generally use stainless steel, titanium, plastic, iron, carbon steel, silicon, in making cast medical instruments.
Cast Instruments



Curette
Curette This is a surgical instrument that resembles a shape of a spoon that is used to clean a diseased surface. Mostly curettes are used for treating gum diseases and removing tartar deposits on the tooth root surface. The other functions of curette are removing diseased tissue and treating abnormal bleeding in the human body. Stainless steel and flexible plastic are two materials that are usually used for making curette.


Dental Instrument
Dental instruments consist of medical tools and surgical tools which are particularly used for assessing, diagnosing, and treating oral diseases. These instruments are used by oral health care professionals and their supporting staff for providing dental care. The different dental instruments are often classified as examination instruments, retractors, local anesthesia instruments, restorative instruments, burnishers, pluggers, periodontal scalers, prosthodontic instruments, extraction or surgical instruments, orthodontic instruments and endodontic instruments. Dental Instruments like bone chisel, bone curette, elevator, syringe, tweezers, extracting forceps, etc, have a variety of applications and are generally used in combination with other supplies such as a dental mirror. Most of the medical instruments can be reused after proper sterilization. Globally, the dental instrument industry considering medical device companies and medical device manufacturers amounts to approximately US $4.22 billions.
Dental Instrument
Dermal Instrument
A collection of different types of medical tools, surgical tools, devices, and equipment that are necessary for diagnosis and treatment of maladies relating to skin can be termed as dermal instruments. Dermal rollers, punches, curettes, fillers, forceps, retractors, scissors, needle holder, extractor, hook, or excavators are some of the medical instruments used by dermatologists while performing skin surgery. A wide variety of these are sold worldwide by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers.
Dermal Instrument
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Cuticle Scissors


Ear Instrument
Ear instruments consist of those devices, equipments and surgical tools that are designed for treating and correcting any type of ear related disorder. The most common ear instruments are otoscope, ear syringe, picks, micro scissors, cup forceps, alligator forceps, specula, bruening head, buck curettes, applicator, suction tubes or alloy tuning forks. These medical instruments and medical tools come in different sizes, shapes, patterns and materials as sold by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers.
Ear Instrument
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Ear SyringeOtoscope


Forceps
Forceps are a handheld, hinged medical instrument used for grasping and holding objects and parts of the anatomy during a medical examination or treatment. Forceps become useful in cases when fingers are too large to grasp objects, or when several objects need to be held at one time while the hands are used to conduct a separate task. Forceps employ the principle of the lever to grasp and apply pressure. A number of forceps are used by medics for performing numerous medical procedures. Some common types of forceps include anesthesia forceps, artery forceps, biopsy forceps, cilia forceps, eye forceps, obstetrical forceps, tenaculum forceps and many more.
Forceps
Knives
A knife is a handheld instrument with sharp edges. It comprises a handle attached to a blade used for cutting. Its origins date as far back as two-and-a-half million years ago. Knives have a number of uses in the practice of medicine and in performing surgeries. Medical and surgical knives may be made from different materials including carbon steel, stainless steel and ABS plastic. Some commonly used knives in medicine are ear knives, septum knives, cataract knives, corneal knives, goniotomy knives, post mortem knife, dissection knives, tonsil knives, etc.
Knives
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Plaster Knife


Laparoscopy Equipment
Laparoscopy devices are mostly used for performing minimally invasive surgery. Aside from other surgical tools, a laparoscope is the basic instrument used in laparoscopic procedures. It aids doctors to have a direct view of abdominal or pelvic cavities, chest cavity, etc, of the body. Other laparoscopic medical tools like dissecting forceps, tooth forceps, scissors, curettes are used for retracting, cutting, stapling and stitching dead tissues or part of the body. With the help of different types of laparoscopy medical instruments produced by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers, a variety of abnormal medical conditions like appendicitis, hernias, bowel disorders, gallstones, etc. can be treated.
Laparoscopy Equipment


Laryngoscope
Laryngoscope Laryngoscope is an instrument that is used to examine the vocal cords and the glottis i.e. the space between the vocal cords. Rigid Laryngoscope and Trans Nasal Flexible Laryngoscope are the two types. Rigid Laryngoscope is used for Direct Laryngoscopy i, e. the patient is unconscious. It consists of a light source (bulb), an exchangeable blade and a handle (contains batteries). Tran Nasal Flexible Laryngoscope on the other hand is used for less serious tasks e.g. to see the vocal chords while a person is speaking or singing. Laryngoscopes can be of many types according to the type of blade used, like: Miller and McIntosh. Pakistan, China, India and US are the leading manufacturing countries. The global market of Laryngoscope is about ??1billion per annum. N. America constitutes about 42% of the world market share followed by EU countries with 39% and Asia with 11% share. UAMF Industries, HEMC and Verathon are the prominent brands.
Nail Instrument
Nail instruments available in the market are of different types such as nail cleaner, cuticle pusher, cuticle knife, manicure stick, nail files, nail nipper, and nail scissors. These instruments are mostly made of stainless steel by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers and have plastic grips. Nail care medical instruments perform a multitude of functions such as removing dirt under the edge of fingernails, filing of nails, removing loosened cuticle etc.
Nail Instrument
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Nail NipperNail Scissors


Nasal Instrument
Nasal instruments comprise a whole range of medical tools, surgical tools and equipments that are used for treating nose and sinus related ailments. These instruments are of many types speculum, chisel, curette, suction tubes, elevators, scissors, sinus probes, snare wires, rongeurs, retractors, stylets, cannulas etc. Most of the nasal medical instruments made by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers are produced using high quality stainless steel and available in a variety of sizes and patterns.
Nasal Instrument


Neurosurgery Instrument
At the time of performing neurosurgery, a broad group of instruments and surgical tools like surgical saw, forceps, tongs, retractors, spatula, hook, etc are used. These medical instruments perform a multitude of functions like cutting, stitching, retracting, and stapling the affected body parts. Neurosurgery instruments and medical tools made by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers can treat many grave diseases relating to central, spinal column and peripheral nervous system of the body.
Neurosurgery Instrument
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Surgical Saw
Ophthalmic Instrument
These medical instruments comprise specialized instruments and surgical tools specifically used by ophthalmologists and optometrists for assessing a patient's eyes for anomalies and also for conducting ophthalmic surgery to treat them. Ophthalmic instruments produced by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers are of many types such as capsulotomy scissors, eye scissors, eye shield, eyelid retractor. Further, the delivery of ophthalmic medical care is aided by diagnostic equipment such as lensometer, binocular indirects, pupil gauges, ophthalmoscope, etc. The total revenue of ophthalmic instruments considering a majority of medical device companies and medical device manufacturers in the year 2006 was US $ 3.25 billions.
Ophthalmic Instrument


Oral Instrument
The main purpose of oral instruments is to diagnose and treat gum, mouth and tooth diseases. These medical instruments and surgical tools made by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers include tongue depressors, suction tubes, tongue retractors, mouth gags, snare wires, surgical scissors, alligator forceps, grasping forceps, sponge forceps, and laryngeal mirrors. Many of these serve as surgical instruments. Stainless steel and nickel-plated brass are two common materials that are used in making these instruments and medical tools.
Oral Instrument
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Tongue Depressor


Orthopedic Instrument
Orthopedic instruments include a whole line of medical tools, surgical tools and devices that are particularly used for correcting, joining or mending any bone fractures and treating other bone related ailments. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and non-surgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital conditions. Some common treatments administered using orthopedic instruments include knee arthroscopy, carpal tunnel release, knee replacement, repair of rotator cuff tendon, laminectomy, etc. The orthopedic medical instruments and surgical instruments market is flooded with a diverse range of medical tools like chisels gouges, plaster knife, ring cutters elevators, bone cutting forceps, bone holding forceps, plaster saw, retractors, saws, files, bone clamps or bone cutting forceps, and many more medical tools made by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers.
Orthopedic Instrument
Physiotherapy Equipments
Physiotherapy and rehabilitation equipment and medical instruments comprise devices or machines used to treat different types of ailments and disabilities such as muscle strains, sprains, back pain, pre and postnatal care, or chronic fatigue syndrome by using physical exercises. Medical tools of this kind perform multiple functions such as improving movement dysfunction, helps the patient in recovering and rehabilitating from a state of incapacity because of genetic defects, healing of an injury and promoting optimal functioning of the body. A wide array of these equipments such as body massagers, aerobics body bike, rehab trainers, dumbbells, foam rollers, massage mats, traction clevis, etc. are sold worldwide by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers
Physiotherapy  Equipments


Rectal Instrument
Rectal Instrument Rectal instruments are objects, tools, or implements that aid in the diagnosis, prevention, monitoring, treatment or alleviation of diseases affecting the anal cavity, rectum or colon. These devices may be reusable or disposable, flexible or rigid. Many rectal instruments, especially anal probes have a small light bulb mounted at the end to enable a clear view of the inside of the colon. Rectal instruments may be made from plastics, metals or other materials and their design may also vary with their technological components. For instance, modern proctoscopes make use of fiber-optic technology, which enable more extensive observations with less discomfort. There are a number of rectal instruments in use today, some of them include specialty forceps, hooks, ligators, retractors, Hirschman anoscopes, Sims rectal speculum, angiotribe forceps, double ended probes, sphincteroscope, etc.


Scalpels
Scalpels refer to small and extremely sharp knives used for surgery, anatomical dissection. Scalpels may be disposable or re-usable. Re-usable scalpels comprise re-sharpenable blades or non-attached, replaceable blades. Disposable scalpels on the other hand come with a plastic handle with an extensible blade and are meant to be used just once. Scalpels may be made of hardened and tempered steel, or carbon steel. Examples of commonly used scalpels and scalpel components are disposable scalpels, surgical scalpel blades, surgical scalpel handles, thumb scalpels, etc.
Scalpels
Scissors
Scissors are hand operated cutting instruments comprising a pair of metal blades. The blades are joined together in such a manner that they meet and cut materials placed between them when the handles are closer. Many different kinds of scissors are used in the practice of medicine and surgery are used for cutting various materials such as bandages, plaster and body parts such as skin, tissue, etc. For instance, trauma shears are robust scissors used in emergency medical response and rescue. Some more examples of medical scissors include iris angular scissors, castroviejo scissors, lister bandage scissors, stitch scissors, utility scissors, wire stitch scissors, ear cropping scissors, dissecting scissors, toenail scissors, etc.
Scissors


Surgical Instrument
Surgical Instruments and surgical tools are devices or medical tools such as retractors, knife, forceps, scalpel, scissors, brush, elevators etc, which are used while performing a surgery or an operation. Surgical instruments are medical tools perform a variety of functions such as cutting, dissecting, grasping, holding and retracting body. Some frequently used surgical instruments include graspers, clamps, blade retractor, occluders, positioners, tyndallers, carriers, appliers, periosteal elevators, etc. Usually, surgical instruments are made of stainless steel. Other metals like titanium, chromium, vanadium, molybdenum are also used by medical device companies and medical device manufacturers for making surgical medical instruments and surgical tools. The world market of surgical instrument is valued at US $ 30 billion.
Surgical Instrument


Urological Instrument
These refer to a whole family of medical tools, surgical tools and devices are used as surgical instruments for specific surgeries related to kidney, ureters, bladder, prostate, penis, pelvic lymph nodes etc. Some common instruments used by urologists include urethral sounds, urethral forceps, cautery instrument, urethral retractors, Miltex Stratte needle holder, Miltex Wertheim pedicle clamp, are some well-known medical device companies and medical device manufacturers.
Urological Instrument


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